Number of workers in agri dipped in 30 years: Report

NEW DELHI: In a reflection of the changing socio-economic dynamics, the report on Women and Men In India 2020 shows that while share of male and female workers in agriculture has shown a steady decline from 1987-88 till 201819, there is an increasing trend for both in trade, hotel and restaurant sectors.
The report released by the ministry of statistics and programme implementation draws upon available nationally representative data sources to give an insight into the gender dynamics and shifts across sectors ranging from employment, education, health and decision-making.
The report also dedicates a chapter to the impediments in the way of empowerment. In the chapter on education, data from NSS 75th round (2017-18) shows that among ever enrolled persons in the age group 3-35 years, 30.2% of females were not pursuing education due to domestic activities.
In case of men, 36.9% of ever enrolled males in the 3- 35 years age group were not attending education due to engagement in economic activities. Among the never enrolled persons of 3-35 years age group, 13.6% females and 14.9% males were never enrolled in education due to fi nancial constraints, whereas 11.7% females and 1.5% males were never enrolled due to their engagement in domestic activities.
As far as employment goes, in the chapter on employment a data sheet on the broad-based industry-wise classification of workers presents data from NSS 43rd round in 1987-88 to Periodic Labour Force Participation 2018-19 to indicate the trends.
In agriculture in rural India, it turns out that in 1987-88 share of women workers was 84.7% which as per PLF survey 2018-19 is 73.2%. The share of male workers in agriculture was 74.5% in 1987-88 and was recorded at 55% in 201819.
On the other hand, the per centage of men in trade, hotels and restaurants grew from 5.1% in 1987-88 to 9.2% in rural areas in 2018-19. In urban the percentage rose from 21.5% to 24.5%. In case of women workers too there is an increase from 2.1% to 4% in rural and 9.8% to 13% in urban areas.
The labour force survey 2018-19 data is cited in the report to highlight that on the whole results indicate that in the rural sector, the workerpopulation ratio (WPR) was 19.0 for females and 52.1 for males.
In urban sector, the ratio is 14.5 for females and 52.7 for males. In both rural and urban areas, WPRs for females were considerably lower than WPRs for males. WPR in 2018-19 vis–vis 2017-18 has risen except for urban males.
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