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Most people who catch and recover from COVID-19 appear to be immune for at least five months afterwards. Interim results from a study of more than 20,000 health-care workers in the United Kingdom have found that repeat infections are unusual — they occurred in fewer than 1% of about 6,600 participants who had already had COVID-19. The handful of people who do become reinfected can carry high levels of the virus in their nose and throat. Such viral loads have been associated with a high risk of transmitting the virus to others.
Deaths in the United Kingdom from COVID-19. The grim milestone was reached following record numbers of daily deaths. The country has one of the worst coronavirus mortality rates in the world, at 151 per 100,000 people. (The Guardian | 6 min read)
Control COVID. Move forward boldly on climate change. Restore the role of science in government. And restore a shared sense of reality itself. Incoming US president Joe Biden faces a laundry list of challenges, any of which might seem insurmountable. Scientific American offers its top four recommendations on where to focus first, and how to achieve these goals.
Ever wondered how to work out the shortest path from A to B if you lived on a cube? A tetrahedron? Thankfully, we have mathematicians to explore these parallel worlds. For solids made up of the same regular polygonal faces, the shortest straight path back to any point always passes through a corner where edges meet. Except for the dodecahedron, which can have infinitely many straight paths that start and end on the same vertex without passing through any others. Includes some do-at-home exercises to expand your mind.
In the introduction to a special issue of PNAS that throws light on insect decline, ecologists do not mince words: “Nature is under siege,” they write. “Most biologists agree that the world has entered its sixth mass extinction event.” In a bid to provide a scientifically grounded assessment of insect population trends, the journal offers 11 papers that delve into every aspect of the issue.
One of the challenges is going beyond “the overwhelming sense that something sinister is afoot” and gathering clear, comprehensive data on insect abundances over time. There are only a handful of long-term monitoring studies of insect populations. So entomologists have turned to plumbing other historical data for signals of change.