What is a Casino?
A casino is a special place where people can gamble and spend time with friends or family. They can also drink and have meals. There are many different casinos around the world, including some that are land-based and others online.
Gambling almost certainly predates recorded history, with primitive protodice and carved six-sided dice found in some archaeological sites [Source: Schwartz]. The modern casino as a gambling establishment developed during the 16th century, when a gambling craze swept Europe. In Italy, nobles would hold private parties at their homes called ridotti, where they would gamble in a protected environment from the reach of religious authorities.
Today’s casinos are sophisticated entertainment complexes with a variety of games that appeal to all types of patrons. The most popular games are slot machines, which offer a high level of play at relatively low cost. Casinos earn the majority of their income from these games, with a small percentage coming from other table and card games such as roulette and craps.
Casino security focuses on preventing theft and cheating. This is accomplished by having a physical security force patrol the floor and responding to calls for assistance or reports of suspicious or criminal activity. Specialized surveillance departments monitor the activities of players on video poker and slot machines. Security personnel also follow routines and patterns that help identify any attempts to deviate from the rules of the game. For instance, the way a dealer shuffles cards and deals them follows a set pattern that can be spotted by trained eye.